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|Title:||Radical addition to alkenes: Further assessment of theoretical procedures|
|Authors:||Wong, M.W. |
|Citation:||Wong, M.W.,Radom, L. (1998-03-19). Radical addition to alkenes: Further assessment of theoretical procedures. Journal of Physical Chemistry A 102 (12) : 2237-2245. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Ab initio molecular orbital calculations at a variety of levels of theory have been carried out for a number of prototypical radical addition reactions with a view to determining a level of theory suitable for predicting reliable barriers. Closest agreement with experimental barriers is achieved with a variant of the recently introduced CBS-RAD procedure. At this level, the mean absolute deviation from experimental barriers for methyl radical additions in solution is just 1.4 kJ mol-1. A second high-level theoretical procedure examined is a variant of G2(MP2,SVP), corresponding effectively to QCISD(T)6-311+G(3df.2p) energy calculations on QCISD/6-31G(d) optimized geometries and incorporating scaled B3-LYP/6-31G(d) zero-point vibrational energy corrections. At this level, the mean absolute deviations from the experimental barriers is significantly larger at 7.7 kJ mol-1. the calculated barriers being consistently too high. The effect of quadruple excitations is found to be small. The considerably less expensive B3-LYP/6-311+G(3df.2p)/B3-LYP/6-31G(d) procedure performs quite well, with a mean absolute deviation of about 5.6 kJ mol-1. Solvent effects were estimated using the SCIPCM model. For a dielectric constant of 2 (nonpolar medium), the effect on barrier ranges from -1.1 to +1.1 kJ mol-1, while for a dielectric constant of 40 (polar medium), the effects range from -3.0 to +2.8 kJ mol-1.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Physical Chemistry A|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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