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Title: Origin of the energy level alignment at organic/organic interfaces: The role of structural defects
Authors: Bussolotti, F.
Yang, J.
Hinderhofer, A.
Huang, Y.
Chen, W. 
Kera, S.
Wee, A.T.S. 
Ueno, N.
Issue Date: 27-Mar-2014
Citation: Bussolotti, F., Yang, J., Hinderhofer, A., Huang, Y., Chen, W., Kera, S., Wee, A.T.S., Ueno, N. (2014-03-27). Origin of the energy level alignment at organic/organic interfaces: The role of structural defects. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 89 (11) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this paper, the electronic properties of as-deposited and N2-exposed CuPc/F16CuPc interface, a prototype system for organic photovoltaic applications, are investigated by using ultralow background, high-sensitivity photoemission spectroscopy. It is found that (i) N2 exposure significantly modifies the energy level alignment (ELA) at the interface between CuPc and F16CuPc layer and (ii) the direction of the N2-induced energy level shift of the CuPc depends on the position of the Fermi level (EF) in the CuPc highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital gap of the as-deposited film. These observations are related to the changes in the density of gap states (DOGS) produced by structural imperfections in the molecular packing geometry, as introduced by the N2 penetration into the CuPc layer. This result demonstrates the key role of structure-induced DOGS in controlling the ELA at organic/organic interfaces. © 2014 American Physical Society.
Source Title: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
ISSN: 10980121
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.115319
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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