Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201308682
Title: Observing high-pressure chemistry in graphene bubbles
Authors: Lim, C.H.Y.X.
Nesladek, M.
Loh, K.P. 
Keywords: anvil cells
conformational changes
diamond
graphene
high pressure
Issue Date: 3-Jan-2014
Citation: Lim, C.H.Y.X., Nesladek, M., Loh, K.P. (2014-01-03). Observing high-pressure chemistry in graphene bubbles. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition 53 (1) : 215-219. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201308682
Abstract: Using IR spectroscopy, high-pressure reactions of molecules were observed in liquids entrapped by graphene nanobubbles formed at the graphene-diamond interface. Nanobubbles formed on graphene as a result of thermally induced bonding of its edges with diamond are highly impermeable, thus providing a good sealing of solvents within. Owing to the optical transparency of graphene and diamond, high-pressure chemical reactions within the bubbles can be probed with vibrational spectroscopy. By monitoring the conformational changes of pressure-sensitive molecules, the pressure within the nanobubble can be calibrated as a function of temperature and it is about 1 GPa at 600 K. The polymerization of buckministerfullerene (C60), which is symmetrically forbidden under ambient conditions, is observed to proceed in well-defined stages in the pressurized nanobubbles. Graphene anvil: Graphene bubbles can be used as a bench-top anvil cell for studying high-pressure chemistry. Pressure-sensitive molecules that undergo conformational changes were used to probe the internal pressures inside the bubbles, which are 0.5-1 GPa over a temperature window of up to 673 K. The pressure-induced oligomerization of C60 molecules occurring at distinct P-T windows could be followed using FTIR spectroscopy. Copyright © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Angewandte Chemie - International Edition
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/94411
ISSN: 14337851
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201308682
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