Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2012.04.014
Title: Ionic liquid-based ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed high-performance liquid chromatography for the determination of ultraviolet filters in environmental water samples
Authors: Zhang, Y.
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Benzophenone UV filters
High-performance liquid chromatography
Ionic liquid
Ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction
Water samples
Issue Date: 31-Oct-2012
Citation: Zhang, Y., Lee, H.K. (2012-10-31). Ionic liquid-based ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed high-performance liquid chromatography for the determination of ultraviolet filters in environmental water samples. Analytica Chimica Acta 750 : 120-126. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2012.04.014
Abstract: In the present study, a rapid, highly efficient and environmentally friendly sample preparation method named ionic liquid-based ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (IL-USA-DLLME), followed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has been developed for the extraction and preconcentration of four benzophenone-type ultraviolet (UV) filters (viz. benzophenone (BP), 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (BP-3), ethylhexyl salicylate (EHS) and homosalate (HMS)) from three different water matrices. The procedure was based on a ternary solvent system containing tiny droplets of ionic liquid (IL) in the sample solution formed by dissolving an appropriate amount of the IL extraction solvent 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium tris(pentafluoroethyl)trifluorophosphate ([HMIM][FAP]) in a small amount of water-miscible dispersive solvent (methanol). An ultrasound-assisted process was applied to accelerate the formation of the fine cloudy solution, which markedly increased the extraction efficiency and reduced the equilibrium time. Various parameters that affected the extraction efficiency (such as type and volume of extraction and dispersive solvents, ionic strength, pH and extraction time) were evaluated. Under optimal conditions, the proposed method provided good enrichment factors in the range of 354-464, and good repeatability of the extractions (RSDs below 6.3%, n=5). The limits of detection were in the range of 0.2-5.0ngmL-1, depending on the analytes. The linearities were between 1 and 500ngmL-1 for BP, 5 and 500ngmL-1 for BP-3 and HMS and 10 and 500ngmL-1 for EHS. Finally, the proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of UV filters in river, swimming pool and tap water samples and acceptable relative recoveries over the range of 71.0-118.0% were obtained. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Analytica Chimica Acta
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/94101
ISSN: 00032670
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2012.04.014
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