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Title: Hydrogen or synthesis gas production via the partial oxidation of methane over supported nickel-cobalt catalysts
Authors: Koh, A.C.W.
Chen, L.
Kee Leong, W. 
Johnson, B.F.G.
Khimyak, T.
Lin, J.
Keywords: Cobalt
Hydrogen production
Partial oxidation of methane
Synthesis gas
Issue Date: May-2007
Citation: Koh, A.C.W., Chen, L., Kee Leong, W., Johnson, B.F.G., Khimyak, T., Lin, J. (2007-05). Hydrogen or synthesis gas production via the partial oxidation of methane over supported nickel-cobalt catalysts. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32 (6) : 725-730. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Activity, selectivity, and coking-resistance of a series of Nix Coy (where x, y are the respective metal loadings of 0, 1, 2 or 3 wt.%; x + y = 3) bimetallic catalysts supported on CaAl2 O4 / Al2 O3 have been studied for hydrogen/synthesis gas production via the catalytic partial oxidation (CPO) of methane. Catalysts were characterized by temperature programmed reduction (TPR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray fluorescence multi-element analysis (XRF). Their activity for the partial oxidation of methane to hydrogen and carbon monoxide (at 1 bar, gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 144, 000 cm3 g- 1 h- 1 and CH4/O2 molar ratio of 2) was investigated, and coke deposited on the spent catalysts was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The activity was found to decrease in the order of Ni2 Co > Ni3 > NiCo2 ≫ Co3, while CO and H2 selectivities were found to be in the order ofNi2 Co > Ni3 ≈ NiCo2 > Co3 . Ni2Co is also shown to be more resistant to coking as compared to Ni3, which is a current catalyst of choice. Results show that not only does Ni2Co have the highest activity and selectivity among all the catalysts tested, it is also relatively resistant to coking. This finding would be helpful for catalyst design to achieve high coking resistivity catalysts for hydrogen production from CPO of methane. © 2006 International Association for Hydrogen Energy.
Source Title: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
ISSN: 03603199
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.08.002
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