Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2009.07.017
Title: Enhancement of survival of probiotic and non-probiotic lactic acid bacteria by yeasts in fermented milk under non-refrigerated conditions
Authors: Liu, S.-Q. 
Tsao, M.
Keywords: Fermented milk
Lactic acid bacteria
Probiotics
Stability
Yeasts
Yoghurt
Issue Date: 30-Sep-2009
Citation: Liu, S.-Q., Tsao, M. (2009-09-30). Enhancement of survival of probiotic and non-probiotic lactic acid bacteria by yeasts in fermented milk under non-refrigerated conditions. International Journal of Food Microbiology 135 (1) : 34-38. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2009.07.017
Abstract: The effects of yeasts on the survival of probiotic and non-probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were studied in fermented milk under non-refrigerated conditions (30 °C) with a view to develop ambient-stable fermented milk with live LAB. Five yeasts tested (Saccharomyces bayanus, Williopsis saturnus var. saturnus, Yarrowia lipolytica, Candida kefyr and Kluyveromyces marxianus) enhanced the survival of Lactobacillus bulgaricus (but not Streptococcus thermophilus) in a mixed yoghurt culture in yoghurt by ~ 102 to 105-fold. Seven yeasts examined (Candida krusei, Geotrichum candidum, Pichia subpelliculosa, Kloeckera apiculata, Pichia membranifaciens, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Y. lipolytica) improved the survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus in fermented milk by ~ 103 to 106-fold. W. saturnus var. saturnus enhanced the survival of Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. rhamnosus (probiotic) and Lactobacillus reuteri by up to 106-fold, but the same yeast failed to improve the survival of Lactobacillus johnsonii (probiotic), S. thermophilus and L. bulgaricus in fermented milk. These results provide definitive evidence that yeasts possess stability-enhancing effects on LAB and that the specific effects of yeasts on LAB stability vary with yeasts as well as with LAB. However, the molecular mechanism of such interaction of yeasts with LAB remains to be found. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Food Microbiology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/93761
ISSN: 01681605
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2009.07.017
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