Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1039/b717198f
Title: Electronic and steric control over Au⋯Au, C-H⋯O and C-H⋯π interactions in the crystal structures of mononuclear triarylphosphinegold(i) carbonimidothioates: R3PAu[SC(OMe)=NR′] for R=Ph, o-tol, m-tol or p-tol, and R′=Ph, o-tol, m-tol, p-tol or C 6H4NO2-4
Authors: Kuan, F.S.
Ho, S.Y.
Tadbuppa, P.P.
Tiekink, E.R.T. 
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Kuan, F.S., Ho, S.Y., Tadbuppa, P.P., Tiekink, E.R.T. (2008). Electronic and steric control over Au⋯Au, C-H⋯O and C-H⋯π interactions in the crystal structures of mononuclear triarylphosphinegold(i) carbonimidothioates: R3PAu[SC(OMe)=NR′] for R=Ph, o-tol, m-tol or p-tol, and R′=Ph, o-tol, m-tol, p-tol or C 6H4NO2-4. CrystEngComm 10 (5) : 548-564. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1039/b717198f
Abstract: The structures of R3PAu[SC(OMe)=NR′], for R = Ph, o-tol, m-tol or p-tol, and R′ = Ph, o-tol, m-tol, p-tol or C6H 4NO2-4, feature linear P-Au-S coordination geometries with intramolecular Au⋯O or Au⋯π interactions depending on the substitution patterns of the R and/or R′ groups. For R = Ph, intramolecular Au⋯O interactions are observed exclusively but when R = p-tol, intramolecular Au⋯π interactions are found unless precluded by steric crowding, i.e. in the case when R′ = m-tol, or by electronic reasons such as the presence of an electron withdrawing nitro group, i.e. when R′ = C6H4NO2-4. In the latter case, aurophilic interactions (Au⋯Au = 3.0872(4) Å) are formed, uniquely amongst the series. The mode of coordination of the thiolate ligands in these complexes, arising from either steric or electronic factors or both, has a profound influence on the supramolecular aggregation patterns operating in their crystal structures. In the solvent-free systems that feature intramolecular Au⋯O interactions, columns of molecules stack so that the thiolate residues interdigitate to a greater or lesser extent leaving the aryl groups of the phosphine ligands facing each other, forming phenyl embraces in the Ph 3P species or being connected by C-H⋯π contacts involving methyl-H atoms in the isomeric tolyl3P structures. In structures featuring intramolecular Au⋯π interactions, the methoxy-O atom is more accessible for the formation of C-H⋯O contacts. Finally, in the cases where the nitro substituent is present, at least one of the nitro-O atoms is involved in C-H⋯O intercations. In summary, subtle changes in electronic character and/or steric profile of the phosphine and thiolate ligands are seen to influence, systematically, the crystal packing. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2008.
Source Title: CrystEngComm
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/93714
ISSN: 14668033
DOI: 10.1039/b717198f
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