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Title: Dynamic liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction with automated movement of the acceptor phase
Authors: Jiang, X.
Sze, Y.O.
Hian, K.L. 
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2005
Citation: Jiang, X., Sze, Y.O., Hian, K.L. (2005-03-15). Dynamic liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction with automated movement of the acceptor phase. Analytical Chemistry 77 (6) : 1689-1695. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A new dynamic liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction procedure, with the automated movement of acceptor phase (LLLME/AMAP) to facilitate mass transfer, was developed in this study. Four compounds, 3-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, 3,4-dinitrophenol, and 2,4-dichlorophenol, were used as model compounds to be preconcentrated from water samples. The extraction involved filling a 2-cm length of hollow fiber with 4 μL of acceptor solution using a conventional microsyringe, followed by impregnation of the pores of the fiber wall with 1-octanol. The fiber was then immersed in 4 mL of aqueous sample solution. The analytes in the sample solution were extracted into the organic solvent and then back-extracted into the acceptor solution. During extraction, the acceptor phase was repeatedly moved in and out of the hollow fiber channel and the syringe controlled by a syringe pump. Separation and quantitative analyses were then performed by using high-performance liquid chromatography. The results indicated that up to 400-fold enrichment of the analytes could be obtained under the optimized conditions. The enrichment factors were two times those of static liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction. Good repeatabilities (RSD values below 9.30%) were obtained. The calibration linear range was from 10 to 1000 ng/mL with the square of the correlation coefficient (r2) >0.9916. Detection limits were in die range of 0.45-0.98 ng/mL. In addition, as compared with the previously reported dynamic three-phase microextraction in which there was no relative movement between the acceptor and the organic phase (which is not conducive to effective mass transfer), this new method shows much higher extraction efficiency. All these results suggest that this new dynamic LLLME/AMAP technique could be a better alternative to the previous LLLME for the extraction of analytes from aqueous samples. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Analytical Chemistry
ISSN: 00032700
DOI: 10.1021/ac040153v
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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