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Title: Numerical studies of transitional turbulent pulsatile flow in pipes with ring-type constrictions
Authors: Lee, T.S. 
Shi, Z.D.
Winoto, S.H. 
Keywords: Pulsatile flow
Ring-type constrictions
Turbulent flow
Issue Date: 30-Jun-1996
Citation: Lee, T.S.,Shi, Z.D.,Winoto, S.H. (1996-06-30). Numerical studies of transitional turbulent pulsatile flow in pipes with ring-type constrictions. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 22 (12) : 1169-1187. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Pulsatile flows in the vicinity of mechanical ring-type constrictions in pipes were studied for transitional turbulent flow with a Reynolds number (Re) of the order of 104. The Womersley number (Nw) is in the range 30-50, with a corresponding Strouhal number (St) range of 0·0143-0·0398. The pulsatile flows considered are a pure sinusoidal flow, a physiological flow and an experimental pulsatile flow profile for mechanical aortic valve flow simulations. Transitional laminar and turbulent flow characteristics in an alternating manner within the pulsatile flow fields were studied numerically. It was observed that fluid accelerations tend to suppress the development of flow disturbances. All the instantaneous maximum values of turbulent kinetic energy, turbulent viscosity and turbulent shear stress are smaller during the acceleration phase than during the deceleration period. Various parametric equations have been formulated through numerical experimentation to better describe the relationships between the instantaneous flow rate (Q), the pressure loss (ΔP), the maximum velocity (Vmax), the maximum vorticity (ζmax), the maximum wall vorticity (ζw,max), the maximum shear stress (τmax) and the maximum wall shear stress (τw,max) for turbulent pulsatile flow in the vicinity of constrictions in the vascular tube. An elliptic relationship has been found to exist between the instantaneous flow rate and the instantaneous pressure gradient. Other linear and quadratic relations between various flow parameters were also obtained.
Source Title: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
ISSN: 02712091
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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