Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/jcc.20591
Title: Structural, electronic, and optical properties of 9-heterofluorenes: A quantum chemical study
Authors: Chen, R.-F.
Zheng, C.
Fan, Q.U.-L.I.
Huang, W. 
Keywords: DFT
Fluorene
Heterofluorene
HOMO-LUMO interaction
Polyheterofluorene
Issue Date: Oct-2007
Citation: Chen, R.-F., Zheng, C., Fan, Q.U.-L.I., Huang, W. (2007-10). Structural, electronic, and optical properties of 9-heterofluorenes: A quantum chemical study. Journal of Computational Chemistry 28 (13) : 2091-2101. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcc.20591
Abstract: Density-functional theory studies were applied to investigate the structural, electronic, and optical properties of 9-heterofluorenes achieved by substituting the carbon at 9 position of fluorene with silicon, germanium, nitrogen, phosphor, oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or boron. These heterofluorenes and their oligomers up to pentamers are highly aromatic and electrooptically active. The alkyl and aryl substituents of the heteroatom have limited influence, but the oxidation of the atom has significant influence on their molecular structures and properties. The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest occupied molecular orbital (LUMO) interaction theory was successfully applied to analyze the energy levels and the frontier wave functions of these heterofluorenes. Most heterofluorenes belong to type B of interaction with low-lying LUMO and have the second kind of wave function. Carbazole and selenafluorene have type C of interaction with high-lying HOMO and the third kind of wave function. Types C and D of heterofluorenes, such as carbazole, oxygafluorene, sulfurafluorene, and selenafluorene also have high triplet state energies. The extrapolated HOMO and LUMO for polyheterofluorenes indicate that polyselenonafluorene has the lowest LUMO; polycarbazole has the highest HOMO; polyselenafluorene has the highest bandgap (Eg); and polyborafluorene has the lowest Eg. Heterofluorenes and their oligomers and polymers are of great experimental interests, especially those having extraordinary properties revealed in this study. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Computational Chemistry
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/92348
ISSN: 01928651
DOI: 10.1002/jcc.20591
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