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Title: Mechanistic investigation on salt-mediated formation of free-standing Co3O4 nanocubes at 95°C
Authors: Xu, R.
Zeng, C. 
Issue Date: 30-Jan-2003
Source: Xu, R., Zeng, C. (2003-01-30). Mechanistic investigation on salt-mediated formation of free-standing Co3O4 nanocubes at 95°C. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107 (4) : 926-930. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The transformation process of various cobalt hydroxide and hydroxide nitrate into final free-standing Co3O4 nanocubes with a uniform size of ca. 47 nm has been investigated with X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) methods. It is found that during their sequential oxidation under air bubbling at 95°C, β-Co(OH)2 and CoII(OH)2-x(NO3)x· NH2O solid phases are gradually oxidized to a mixture of CoII 1-xCoIII x(OH)2 (NO3)x·nH2O and Co3O4 in high concentration nitrate salt (e.g., NaNO3) solution, through which the single-phase Co3O4 nanocubes have been formed with a prolonged oxidation. With the mediation of NaNO3 salt in synthesis, formation of perfectly faceted Co3O4 nanocubes can be attributed to a lowering in O2 solubility and creation of salt-(solvent)n diffusion boundary on the surfaces, which retards the cobalt oxidation and alters the normal interfacial growth under nonsalted conditions.
Source Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
ISSN: 10895647
DOI: 10.1021/jp021094x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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