Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00011-1
Title: BOD measurement in the presence of heavy metal ions using a thermally-killed-Bacillus subtilis biosensor
Authors: Qian, Z.
Tan, T.C. 
Keywords: Bacillus subtilis
Biosensor
BOD
Heavy metal ions
Thermally-killed-cells
Issue Date: Sep-1999
Citation: Qian, Z., Tan, T.C. (1999-09). BOD measurement in the presence of heavy metal ions using a thermally-killed-Bacillus subtilis biosensor. Water Research 33 (13) : 2923-2928. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00011-1
Abstract: The measurement of the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) of an aqueous solution using a thermally-killed Bacillus subtilis BOD biosensor was unaffected by the presence of 5mM of Al3+, Cd2+, Co2+, Cr3+, Fe2+, Fe3+, Ni2+ and Pb2+ in the sample. In the presence of 5mM of Zn2+, Mn2+ and Sn2+, the sensor over-estimated the BOD5 of the test samples by 12-68% compared with 13% under-estimation at the same concentration of Cu2+. The sensor completely and irreversibly lost its BOD sensing ability in the presence of 0.5mM of Ag+ or Hg2+. Similar effect was observed with a living B. subtilis BOD biosensor. The interference of copper, manganese, stannous and zinc ions was effectively eliminated by dosing the substrate with 6.2mM of ethylene diamine tetra-acetate (EDTA) or 5.8mM of sodium diethyl dithiocarbamate (DDTC). The total concentration of mercury of the solution at which the sensor completely and irreversibly lost its BOD sensing characteristics was raised from 0.5 to 4.7mM when the solution was dosed with 31.8mM of NH4Cl; to 6mM with 6.2mM EDTA and to 3mM with 5.8mM DDTC. The total concentration of silver which would incapacitate the sensor was correspondingly raised to 9.7, 5 and 5.5mM for the respective dosages and complexing agents. The sensor showed no response towards NH4Cl up to about 0.5M and up to about 50mM of EDTA and DDTC. Copyright (C) 1999.
Source Title: Water Research
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/91879
ISSN: 00431354
DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00011-1
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