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|Title:||Synthesis of monodisperse polystyrene microlatexes by emulsion polymerization using a polymerizable surfactant|
|Source:||Liu, J.,Chew, C.H.,Gan, L.M.,Teo, W.K.,Gan, L.H. (1997-09-17). Synthesis of monodisperse polystyrene microlatexes by emulsion polymerization using a polymerizable surfactant. Langmuir 13 (19) : 4988-4993. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Synthesis of monodisperse polystyrene microlatexes by emulsion polymerization using a polymerizable surfactant, ω-methoxypoly(ethylene oxide)40undecyl α-methacrylate macromonomer (PEO-R-MA-40), has been investigated. PEO-R-MA-40 copolymerized readily with styrene. The locus of the copolymerization is believed to occur near the surface of styrene-swollen micelles/particles where the polymerizable end groups (methacrylate) of PEO-R-MA-40 were concentrated due to its hydrophilicity. The latexes became stabilized when only about 6 wt % styrene and 10.5 wt % PEO-R-MA-40 were copolymerized. From the XPS results, it shows that only about 22% of the latex surface occupied by the copolymerized PEO-R-MA-40 was sufficient to stabilize the latex particles. Toward the completion of the copolymerization, about 80% of the latex surface was enriched by the copolymerized PEO-R-MA-40. Nearly monodisperse latex particles with diameters ranging from about 30 to 90 nm were obtained by lowering the feed weight-ratio of PEO-R-MA-40 to styrene from 1/2 to 1/8. But the particle size did not seem to be affected by the increase of KPS concentration from 0.5 to 3.0 mM at the feed ratio of 1/8. A polymerization scheme is presented to account for the results.|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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