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Title: Numerical simulation of oscillatory flows over a rippled bed by immersed boundary method
Authors: Shen, L. 
Chan, E.-S. 
Keywords: Flow separation
Immersed boundary method
Oscillatory flow
Steady streaming
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Citation: Shen, L., Chan, E.-S. (2013-10). Numerical simulation of oscillatory flows over a rippled bed by immersed boundary method. Applied Ocean Research 43 : 27-36. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this paper, a well-developed numerical model based on the immersed boundary (IB) method is used to study oscillatory flows over a bed with large-amplitude ripples in a systematic manner. The work shows that the complex flow over the rippled bed can be numerically dealt with in Cartesian coordinate by the IB method and that the IB method is able to provide main features of the flows near the ripples. An accurate simulation of vortices generation as a result of flow separation at the rippled bed is obtained. It is found that the oscillatory flows start to separate during the flow deceleration when the Keulegan-Carpenter (KC) number is small. The steady streaming for various ripple steepness is simulated and the criterion for separating the single and double structure streaming is also discussed. Moreover, a new type of steady streaming which consists of a pair of embedded recirculations in the vicinity of the ripple trough is obtained for relatively steep ripples in this work. The numerical results, including the steady streaming in particular, may be helpful to improve the understanding of the sediment transport and the seabed evolution with natural ripples under sea waves. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Applied Ocean Research
ISSN: 01411187
DOI: 10.1016/j.apor.2013.07.005
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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