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Title: Insights into lipidomic perturbations in zebrafish tissues upon exposure to microcystin-LR and microcystin-RR
Authors: Pavagadhi, S.
Natera, S.
Roessner, U.
Balasubramanian, R. 
Issue Date: 17-Dec-2013
Citation: Pavagadhi, S., Natera, S., Roessner, U., Balasubramanian, R. (2013-12-17). Insights into lipidomic perturbations in zebrafish tissues upon exposure to microcystin-LR and microcystin-RR. Environmental Science and Technology 47 (24) : 14376-14384. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This work represents the first study of its kind that was conducted to evaluate changes in lipid metabolic networks following a balneation exposure of adult zebrafish to MCLR (microcystin-leucine-arginine) and MCRR (microcystin-arginine-arginine) at a sublethal dose (10 μg L-1) for a period of 30 days. Following the exposure to MCLR and MCRR, gills, liver, intestine, and brain tissues were harvested for metabolite extraction. Extracted metabolites were detected using qTOF-LC-MS (time-of-flight-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry). Metabolites were identified using Kegg pathways. The identified metabolites are shown on lipid biochemical maps to demonstrate major perturbations in the metabolic machinery. Results showed that most of the metabolic pathways under the lipid class were affected in different tissues of zebrafish following the exposure to MCLR and MCRR (10 μg L -1 for 30 days). The kind and flux of metabolic perturbations varied among different tissues of the organs after the exposure to MCLR and MCRR with the tissues of gills being the most affected. Among the various lipid pathways, cholesterol synthesis was affected significantly as observed from the highest number of perturbed metabolites in that pathway. Cholesterol is responsible for synthesis of steroid hormones and bile acids, which have been recognized as endocrine signaling molecules. Disruption in the synthesis of these compounds following MCLR/MCRR exposure suggests that MCs are capable of causing endocrine disruption among aquatic organisms even under sublethal conditions. Apart from cholesterol synthesis, various other metabolic pathways belonging to the class of essential fatty acids and lipid oxidation were also observed to be perturbed following a balneation exposure of zebrafish to MCLR/MCRR. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Environmental Science and Technology
ISSN: 0013936X
DOI: 10.1021/es4004125
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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