Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2012.669162
Title: Boron removal and zeta potential of RO membranes: Impact of pH and salinity
Authors: Oo, M.H.
Onga, S.L. 
Keywords: Boron removal
Ionic strength
pH
RO membrane
Salinity
Zeta potential
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Citation: Oo, M.H., Onga, S.L. (2012-01). Boron removal and zeta potential of RO membranes: Impact of pH and salinity. Desalination and Water Treatment 39 (1-3) : 83-87. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2012.669162
Abstract: Boron removal is a challenging task for any seawater desalination plant employing a singlepass reverse osmosis (RO) system. With a pKa value of 9.25, more than 99% boron removal is normally achieved at pH >10.5. As pKa value is theoretically lower at higher salinity, an increase of borate ion and a corresponding increase in boron removal could be expected as salinity increases. However, boron removals by CPA2 and SWC4+ membranes were found to decrease or, sometimes, unchanged at higher salinity where membrane zeta potentials shifted from negative values to positive values were observed at higher salinity at both pH 7 and 9. The decrease in boron removal by CPA2 membrane with increasing salinity at pH 9 could be attributed to the reduced charge repulsion mechanism. Similarly, boron removal by SWC4+ membrane decreased with increasing salinity. However, the removal efficiency reached its lowest value at 2000 mg/l of NaCl at pH 9. The subsequent increase in boron removal efficiency at salinity higher than 2000 mg/l could be attributed to size exclusion mechanism. At pH 7, the trend of boron removal by CPA2 membrane was similar to that observed at pH 9. However, the corresponding trend of SWC4+ membrane at pH 7 was different from that observed at pH 9. With a negligible amount of borate at pH 7, reduced boron removal by CPA2 membrane observed at higher salinity might be attributed to enhanced diffusion. In contrast, the relatively stable boron removal at pH 7 by SWC4+ membrane observed at all salinities suggested that size exclusion could be the dominant mechanism. © 2012 Desalination Publications.
Source Title: Desalination and Water Treatment
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/90923
ISSN: 19443994
DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2012.669162
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

4
checked on Oct 17, 2018

Page view(s)

75
checked on Oct 12, 2018

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.