Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Study and characterization of the hysteresis behavior of polyimide membranes in the thermal cycle process of pervaporation separation
Authors: Guo, W.F.
Chung, T.-S. 
Keywords: Hysteresis behavior
Thermal cycle
Issue Date: 5-May-2005
Citation: Guo, W.F., Chung, T.-S. (2005-05-05). Study and characterization of the hysteresis behavior of polyimide membranes in the thermal cycle process of pervaporation separation. Journal of Membrane Science 253 (1-2) : 13-22. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The thermal hysteresis behavior of Matrimid® 5218 polyimide membranes in the pervaporation of a tert-butanol and water mixture containing 85 wt.% tert-butanol was investigated. The membrane flux decreases while separation factor increases after the thermal cycle process. The percentage changes of flux and separation factor after cycle are strongly path-dependent. Membrane starting from a high temperature has a more stable performance than that from a low temperature. Three factors play important roles in the hysteresis behavior; namely, interactions between feed molecules and membrane, non-equilibrium nature of dense-selective skin, and asymmetric membrane swelling. As a result, the collapse of micro-porous structure underneath the dense-selective skin and the thickening of the dense-selective skin were observed by SEM pictures after pervaporation. The d-space value measured by WXRD also indicates a reduced interstitial chain space after pervaporation, suggesting a thermal and solvent induced densification. Similar to the asymmetric membranes, a higher flux and separation factor was obtained at 100°C if a dense membrane was tested starting from a low temperature. The interesting behavior may arise from a greater relaxation of polymer chains and an easier cooperative packing of benzene rings induced by the penetrant molecules. As a result, the membrane treated at 100°C has a narrower interstitial chain space and possesses a higher selectivity towards larger molecules transportation. The narrower interstitial chain space and a higher selectivity observed at high temperature may be due to the loss of local chain rigidity and straightness resulting from the nature of Matrimid. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Membrane Science
ISSN: 03767388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2004.12.026
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


checked on Mar 20, 2019


checked on Mar 20, 2019

Page view(s)

checked on Mar 23, 2019

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.