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Title: Steam reforming of toluene as a biomass tar model compound over CeO 2 promoted Ni/CaOeAl2O3 catalytic systems
Authors: Ashok, J.
Kawi, S. 
Keywords: Biomass tar
Ni reducibility
Promotional effect of CeO2
Steam reforming of toluene Ni/CaeAleCe
Issue Date: 25-Oct-2013
Citation: Ashok, J., Kawi, S. (2013-10-25). Steam reforming of toluene as a biomass tar model compound over CeO 2 promoted Ni/CaOeAl2O3 catalytic systems. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 38 (32) : 13938-13949. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Steam reforming of toluene as a biomass tar model compound was performed over Ni supported CaOeAl2O3 (CaeAl) and CeO2 promoted CaOeAl2O3 (CaeAleCe) catalysts to explore promotional effect of CeO2 on CaeAl support. Among all the catalysts tested, Ni/Ca eAleCe(0.2) catalyst gave superior catalytic performance over other catalysts. The basic strength of catalytic supports measured by CO 2 TPD and Hammett indicator methods indicates CaeAleCe(0.2) support has higher surface basicity and base strength compared to CaeAl and other CaeAleCe(x) supports. Furthermore, CO pulse chemisorption results showed that Ni/CaeAleCe(0.2) catalyst has a higher amount of surface metallic nickel compared to other Ni/CaeAleCe catalysts. TPR analysis reveals that the redox property of CeO2 can enhance the reducibility of supported nickel species, which is further confirmed using XPS analysis, where addition of CeO2 enhanced the interaction of Ni species with Ce by reducing the interaction of Ni species with the Al support, resulting in the formation of Ni rich surface. However, formation of bulk NiO species was also observed for the catalyst having higher amount of CeO2. TGA analysis on spent catalysts reveals that all CeO2- containing catalysts generally result in lower carbon formation rates as compared to Ni/Ca eAl catalyst. Copyright © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
ISSN: 03603199
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.08.029
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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