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|Title:||Spherical crystallization of glycine from monodisperse microfluidic emulsions|
|Citation:||Toldy, A.I., Badruddoza, A.Z.M., Zheng, L., Hatton, T.A., Gunawan, R., Rajagopalan, R., Khan, S.A. (2012-08-01). Spherical crystallization of glycine from monodisperse microfluidic emulsions. Crystal Growth and Design 12 (8) : 3977-3982. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1021/cg300413s|
|Abstract:||Emulsion-based crystallization to produce spherical crystalline agglomerates (SAs) is an attractive route to control crystal size during downstream processing of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). However, conventional methods of emulsification in stirred vessels pose several problems that limit the utility of emulsion-based crystallization. In this paper, we use capillary microfluidics to generate monodisperse water-in-oil emulsions. Capillary microfluidics, in conjunction with evaporative crystallization on a flat heated surface, enables controllable production of uniformly sized SAs of glycine in the 35-150 μm size range. We report detailed characterization of particle size, size distribution, structure, and polymorphic form. Further, online high-speed stereomicroscopic observations reveal several clearly demarcated stages in the dynamics of glycine crystallization from emulsion droplets. Rapid droplet shrinkage is followed by crystal nucleation within individual droplets. Once a nucleus is formed within a droplet, crystal growth is very rapid (|
|Source Title:||Crystal Growth and Design|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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