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Title: Slow adsorption reaction between arsenic species and goethite (α-FeOOH): Diffusion or heterogeneous surface reaction control
Authors: Zhang, J.
Stanforth, R. 
Issue Date: 29-Mar-2005
Citation: Zhang, J., Stanforth, R. (2005-03-29). Slow adsorption reaction between arsenic species and goethite (α-FeOOH): Diffusion or heterogeneous surface reaction control. Langmuir 21 (7) : 2895-2901. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The slow stage of phosphate or arsenate adsorption on hydrous metal oxides frequently follows an Elovich equation. The equation can be derived by assuming kinetic control by either a diffusion process (either interparticle or intraparticle) or a heterogeneous surface reaction. The aim of this study is to determine whether the slow stage of arsenic adsorption on goethite is more consistent with diffusion or heterogeneous surface reaction control. Adsorption kinetics of arsenate and dimethylarsinate (DMA) on goethite (α-FeOOH) were investigated at different pH values and inert electrolyte concentrations. Their adsorption kinetics was described and compared using Elovich (F vs In time) plots. Desorption of arsenate and DMA was studied by increasing the pH of the suspension from pH 4.0 to pH 10.0 or 12.0. The effective particle sizes and ζ-potential of goethite were also determined. Effective particle size increased rapidly as the pH approached pHiEp, both in the absence and presence of arsenic. Inert electrolyte concentrations and pH had no effect on the slow stage of arsenate adsorption on goethite, while the kinetics of DMA adsorption on goethite was influenced by both parameters. The slow stage of arsenate adsorption on goethite follows an Elovich equation. Since effective particle size changes with both pH and inert electrolyte concentrations, and effective particle size influences interparticle diffusion, the arsenate adsorption kinetics indicate that the slow adsorption step is not due to interparticle diffusion. DMA also has complex adsorption kinetics with a slow adsorption stage. DMA desorbed completely and rapidly when the pH was raised, in contrast to the slow adsorption kinetics, indicating that the slow adsorption step is not due to intraparticle, diffusion. The slow adsorption is not the result of diffusion, but rather is due either to the heterogeneity of the surface site bonding energy or to other reactions controlling arsenic removal from solution. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Langmuir
ISSN: 07437463
DOI: 10.1021/la047636e
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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