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Title: Molecular screening of metal-organic frameworks for CO2 storage
Authors: Babarao, R.
Jiang, J. 
Issue Date: 17-Jun-2008
Citation: Babarao, R., Jiang, J. (2008-06-17). Molecular screening of metal-organic frameworks for CO2 storage. Langmuir 24 (12) : 6270-6278. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We report a molecular simulation study for CO2 storage in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). As compared to the aluminum-free and cation-exchanged ZSM-5 zeolites and carbon nanotube bundle, IRMOFl exhibits remarkably higher capacity. Incorporation of Na+ cations into zeolite increases the capacity only at low pressures. By variation of the metal oxide, organic linker, functional group, and framework topology, a series of isoreticular MOFs (IRMOF1, Mg-IRMOF1, Be-IRMOFl, IRMOF 1-(NH2)4, IRMOF10, IRMOF13, and IRMOF14) are systematically examined, as well as UMCM-1, a fluorous MOF (F-MOF1), and a covalent-organic framework (COF102). The affinity with CO2 is enhanced by addition of a functional group, and the constricted pore is formed by interpenetration of the framework; both lead to a larger isosteric heat and Henry's constant and subsequently a stronger adsorption at low pressures. The organic linker plays a critical role in tuning the free volume and accessible surface area and largely determines CO 2 adsorption at high pressures. As a combination of high capacity and low framework density, IRMOF10, IRMOF14, and UMCM-1 are identified from this study to be the best for CO2 storage, even surpass the experimentally reported highest capacity in MOF-177. COF102 is a promising candidate with high capacity at considerably low pressures. Both gravimetric and volumetric capacities at 30 bar correlate well with the framework density, free volume, porosity, and accessible surface area. These structure-function correlations are useful for a priori prediction of CO2 capacity and for the rational screening of MOFs toward high-efficacy CO2 storage. © 2008 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Langmuir
ISSN: 07437463
DOI: 10.1021/la800369s
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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