Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2003.10.014
Title: Effects of orientation relaxation and bore fluid chemistry on morphology and performance of polyethersulfone hollow fibers for gas separation
Authors: Qin, J.-J.
Chung, T.-S. 
Keywords: Bore fluid chemistry
Gas separation
Hollow fiber membranes
Orientation relaxation
Polyethersulfone
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2004
Citation: Qin, J.-J., Chung, T.-S. (2004-02-01). Effects of orientation relaxation and bore fluid chemistry on morphology and performance of polyethersulfone hollow fibers for gas separation. Journal of Membrane Science 229 (1-2) : 1-9. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2003.10.014
Abstract: Hollow fibers with ultrathin skins for gas separation have been fabricated from a binary (37wt.% PES in NMP) solution. Effects of orientation relaxation and bore fluid chemistry on morphology and performance of the membranes have been investigated. An outer skin membrane was successfully fabricated for the first time from this binary spinning dope with a very short air gap of 0.5cm and with a bore fluid of 80wt.% NMP in water. The experimental results showed that the permeances of all the tested gases for the unwet-spun fiber were much higher than that of the wet-spun fiber but the selectivities of the former membrane were lower than that of the latter, which indicates that the unwet-spun fiber had a much less dense outer skin than the wet-spun fiber. The results confirmed that the molecular orientation induced within the spinneret at the outer surface of the nascent fiber could relax in the very short air gap, which originally could be frozen into the wet-spun fiber. For the wet-spun fibers, the permeances of all the tested gases decreased while the selectivities increased when bore fluid rate decreased or when the concentration of solvent in the bore fluid decreased. It was concluded that the chemistry of bore fluid had a significant effect on the microstructure and performance of final fibers. The newly developed PES hollow fiber had a selectivity of 5.7 for O2/N2 with a permeance of 11.3×10-6cm3(STP)/cm2scmHg for O 2 at room temperature and the effective thickness of the membrane skin layer was 360Å from the calculation. Aging study (in air) on different fibers showed that permeances of O2 declined by ∼50% and selectivities of O2/N2 decreased by 10-15% after 130 days then leveled off. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Membrane Science
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/88808
ISSN: 03767388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2003.10.014
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