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Title: Upconversion fluorescent nanoparticles as a potential tool for in-depth imaging
Authors: Nagarajan, S.
Zhang, Y. 
Issue Date: 30-Sep-2011
Citation: Nagarajan, S., Zhang, Y. (2011-09-30). Upconversion fluorescent nanoparticles as a potential tool for in-depth imaging. Nanotechnology 22 (39) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNs) are nanoparticles that are excited in the near infrared (NIR) region with emission in the visible or NIR regions. This makes these particles attractive for use in biological imaging as the NIR light can penetrate the tissue better with minimal absorption/scattering. This paper discusses the study of the depth to which cells can be imaged using these nanoparticles. UCNs with NaYF4 nanocrystals doped with Yb 3+, Er3+(visibleemission)/Yb3+, Tm3+ (NIR emission) were synthesized and modified with silica enabling their dispersion in water and conjugation of biomolecules to their surface. The size of the sample was characterized using transmission electron microscopy and the fluorescence measured using a fluorescence spectrometer at an excitation of 980nm. Tissue phantoms were prepared by reported methods to mimic skin/muscle tissue and it was observed that the cells could be imaged up to a depth of 3mm using the NIR emitting UCNs. Further, the depth of detection was evaluated for UCNs targeted to gap junctions formed between cardiac cells. © 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Source Title: Nanotechnology
ISSN: 09574484
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/39/395101
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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