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Title: Oxygen-vacancy-related relaxation and scaling behaviors of Bi 0.9La0.1Fe0.98Mg0.02O3 ferroelectric thin films
Authors: Ke, Q.
Lou, X. 
Wang, Y.
Wang, J. 
Issue Date: 13-Jul-2010
Citation: Ke, Q., Lou, X., Wang, Y., Wang, J. (2010-07-13). Oxygen-vacancy-related relaxation and scaling behaviors of Bi 0.9La0.1Fe0.98Mg0.02O3 ferroelectric thin films. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 82 (2) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Oxygen-vacancies-related dielectric relaxation and scaling behaviors of Bi0.9La0.1Fe0.98Mg0.02O3 (BLFM) thin film have been investigated by temperature-dependent impedance spectroscopy from 40°C up to 200°C. We found that hopping electrons and single-charged oxygen vacancies (V•O) coexist in the BLFM thin film and make contribution to dielectric response of grain and grain boundary, respectively. The activation energy for V•O is shown to be 0.94 eV in the whole temperature range investigated whereas the distinct activation energies for electrons are 0.136 eV below 110°C and 0.239 eV above 110°C in association with hopping along the Fe2+ - V•O -Fe3+ chain and hopping between Fe2+ -Fe3+, respectively, indicating different hopping processes for electrons. Moreover, it has been found that hopping electrons are in the form of long-range movement while localized and long-range movement of oxygen vacancies coexist in BLFM film. The Cole-Cole plots in modulus formalism show a polydispersive nature of relaxation for oxygen vacancies and a single relaxation time for hopping electrons. The scaling behavior of modulus spectra further suggests that the distribution of relaxation times for oxygen vacancies is temperature independent. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Source Title: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
ISSN: 10980121
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.024102
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