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Title: Lignin-derived fused electrospun carbon fibrous mats as high performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries
Authors: Wang, S.-X.
Yang, L.
Stubbs, L.P.
Li, X.
He, C. 
Keywords: carbon fiber
lithium ion batteries
nitrogen doping
Issue Date: 11-Dec-2013
Citation: Wang, S.-X., Yang, L., Stubbs, L.P., Li, X., He, C. (2013-12-11). Lignin-derived fused electrospun carbon fibrous mats as high performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 5 (23) : 12275-12282. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A novel biomass-based nitrogen-doped free-standing fused carbon fibrous mat was fabricated from lignin-polyethylene oxide (PEO) (90:10) blend via electrospinning followed by carbonization and thermal annealing in the presence of urea. The morphology and structure of the carbon fibers were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and elemental analysis, and their electrochemical properties were investigated for the first time as anode in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). The fused carbon fibers without nitrogen doping exhibited high specific capacity up to 445 mA h g-1 at a current density of 30 mA g-1 (comparable to polyacrylonitrile (PAN) derived carbon nanofibers) and good cyclic stability at different current rates. After thermal annealing in the presence of urea, the charge capacity was further improved to as high as 576 mA h g-1 and still maintained a good capacity of about 200 mAh g-1 even at a high current rate of 2000 mA g-1. This research demonstrates the great promise of lignin-derived nanocarbon materials for applications in energy storage systems. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
ISSN: 19448244
DOI: 10.1021/am4043867
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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