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|Title:||A study of conduction in the transition zone between homologous and ZnO-rich regions in the In 2 O 3 -ZnO system|
|Authors:||Kumar, B. |
|Citation:||Kumar, B., Gong, H., Akkipeddi, R. (2005). A study of conduction in the transition zone between homologous and ZnO-rich regions in the In 2 O 3 -ZnO system. Journal of Applied Physics 97 (6) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1862311|
|Abstract:||Indium zinc oxide thin films were deposited by radio-frequency cosputtering and characterized by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), x-ray diffraction, energy dispersion x-ray spectrometry, Hall-effect measurement, and spectrophotometry techniques. All the films have zinc (zinc+indium) atomic ratio (define as M ratio) higher than 0.60 and exhibited n -type degenerate semiconductor behavior irrespective of their composition. The conductive films have been observed to have a very wide transmittance window (300-2000 nm). An XPS analysis revealed a diminishing oxygen vacancy contribution to carrier concentration with an increase in the M ratio. However, we observed a gradual decrease in carrier concentration until M ratio of 0.79 and then, a significant rise in carrier concentration for M ratio of 0.84, and this was attributed to the replacement of zinc from its lattice position by indium. The XPS studies also revealed asymmetry in zinc 2 p32 peak, which might be associated with the structure of this ternary system. The effect of the effective mass on the optical band gap of the films was also observed and discussed further. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Applied Physics|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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