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Title: Perforation of flexible laminates by projectiles of different geometry
Authors: Tan, V.B.C. 
Khoo, K.J.L.
Keywords: Armour
Spectra Shield
Issue Date: Aug-2005
Citation: Tan, V.B.C., Khoo, K.J.L. (2005-08). Perforation of flexible laminates by projectiles of different geometry. International Journal of Impact Engineering 31 (7) : 793-810. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper investigates the response of flexible laminates to ballistic impacts by projectiles of various geometries, namely, flat-ended, hemispherical, ogival (CRH 2.5) and conical (30° half-angle) projectiles. The laminate of interest is Spectra Shield® comprising [0°/90°] extended chain polyethylene filaments embedded in a thermoplastic resin. Ballistic tests show that flat-ended projectiles cut the laminate through a shearing action, effectively punching a circular hole in the laminate whereas hemispherical projectiles perforate the laminates by stretching the Spectra filaments to failure resulting in a rectangular hole in the laminates. While the manner in which they are perforated are different, many similarities are observed in specimens perforated by flat ended and hemispherical projectiles such as the formation of a generator strip, the extent of delamination, the creasing of the laminate, tearing of the laminate at the edges, etc. Ogival and conical projectiles, on the other hand, perforate the laminates with minimal delamination and tearing of the specimens. Interestingly, the region of the specimens affected by the projectiles appears to increase in size instead of becoming more localised at higher impact velocities as often reported for most ballistic impacts events, including the ballistic perforation of woven fabric. This suggests flexible laminates are more effective in dissipating energy than woven fabric in the application of flexible armour. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Impact Engineering
ISSN: 0734743X
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2004.04.003
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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