Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3452330
Title: Nanoscale domains and preferred cracking planes in Pb(Zn 1/3Nb2/3)O3-(6-7) % PbTiO3 single crystals studied by piezoresponse force microscopy and fractography
Authors: Wong, M.F.
Zeng, K. 
Issue Date: 15-Jun-2010
Source: Wong, M.F., Zeng, K. (2010-06-15). Nanoscale domains and preferred cracking planes in Pb(Zn 1/3Nb2/3)O3-(6-7) % PbTiO3 single crystals studied by piezoresponse force microscopy and fractography. Journal of Applied Physics 107 (12) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3452330
Abstract: This paper presents recent studies on surface and cross-sectional domain structures of Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-(6-7)% PbTiO3 (PZN-PT) single crystals using piezoresponse force microscopy and three-point bending technique. The surface domain structures for the rhombohedral-based single crystals in (001) orientation are found to be influenced by polishing process, whereas the surface domains on the (011)-oriented single crystals are aligned along [011̄] direction, unaffected by the polishing process. On the other hand, the domain structures on the cross-sectional fracture surface show preferential alignment which agrees reasonably with the rhombohedral dipoles on the {100} and {110} planes. The differences between the surface and cross-sectional domain structures could be attributed to stress compensation between the surface strain effect and the minimization of elastic energy. In addition, both surface and cross-sectional surface demonstrate nanoscale domains, about 100-200 nm in size. Further fractography observation suggests that the preferred cracking planes for the PZN-PT single crystals are {110} and {100} planes. The {110} planes may be the slip planes along which material pile up is observed upon indentation loading. The pile up results in tensile hoop stress, producing radial cracks along the {100} cleavage planes. To accommodate the localized stress change, new ferroelastic domains by mechanical stress are then formed without interrupting the out-of-plane piezoelectric response. Since the material pile up is thought to cause enhanced toughness along {110} planes, the PZN-PT single crystal in [011]-poled orientation exhibits more superior piezoelectric properties compared to that of the [001]-poled counterpart. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/85462
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.3452330
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