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Title: Multi-functional photoanode films using mesoporous TiO 2 aggregate structure for efficient dye sensitized solar cells
Authors: Gajjela, S.R.
Yap, C. 
Balaya, P. 
Issue Date: 7-Jun-2012
Citation: Gajjela, S.R., Yap, C., Balaya, P. (2012-06-07). Multi-functional photoanode films using mesoporous TiO 2 aggregate structure for efficient dye sensitized solar cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry 22 (21) : 10872-10882. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We present here the photovoltaic performance of dye sensitized solar cells (DSCs) using sub-micron sized mesoporous TiO 2 aggregates which incorporate built-in multi-functional properties such as high dye uptake, efficient light scattering and enhanced charge collection. The DSC prepared with these mesoporous anatase TiO 2 aggregates as photoanode with no additional scattering layer exhibits an enhanced conversion efficiency of 9.00% at 1 sun and 10.84% at 0.16 sun illumination. The properties of the photoanode film in DSCs were analyzed by surface area, diffuse reflectance, intensity modulated photocurrent/voltage spectroscopy (IMPS/IMVS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements in order to gain knowledge of the decisive factors contributing to such high power conversion efficiency. The present study reveals that the mesoporous aggregate offers large internal surface area and high light scattering with its unique structure. Due to the high crystallinity and compact packing of primary nanocrystallites forming the aggregate structure of mesoporous TiO 2, the electron diffusion length is substantially long reflecting a lower number of electrons trapped at the grain boundaries. A good compromise of electron transport time and extended life time in mesoporous aggregate films compared to their non-aggregate counterparts leads to efficient charge collection and higher power conversion efficiency. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry
ISSN: 09599428
DOI: 10.1039/c2jm16254g
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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