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Title: Microencapsulation of ascorbic acid: Effect of process variables on product characteristics
Authors: Uddin, M.S. 
Hawlader, M.N.A. 
Zhu, H.J.
Keywords: Ascorbic acid
Release rate
Issue Date: 2001
Citation: Uddin, M.S.,Hawlader, M.N.A.,Zhu, H.J. (2001). Microencapsulation of ascorbic acid: Effect of process variables on product characteristics. Journal of Microencapsulation 18 (2) : 199-209. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study deals with a comparative investigation of the characteristics of ascorbic acid microcapsules prepared by different methods, such as thermal phase separation, melt dispersion, solvent evaporation and spray drying. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), release tests and size distribution were used for the evaluation of product characteristics. The results show that microencapsulated ascorbic acid could prevent the ascorbic acid colour change, retard its core release rate, and generally mask its acid taste. In the thermal phase separation, molecular weight (Mw) of ethyl cellulose (EC) and the addition of polyisobutylene (PIB) significantly influenced the aggregation and release rate of microcapsules. In the melt dispersion method, spherical particles were prepared by using carnauba. The ascorbic acid release rate was found to be slower in the case of carnauba-encapsulated ascorbic acid than that made by EC using other methods. In the solvent evaporation method, a higher Mw of EC and the addition of plastizer were also found to be important for good encapsulation. In the spray drying method, loss of ascorbic acid was found to be minimum during microencapsulation. Starch and β-cyclodextrin encapsulated ascorbic acid delayed the degradation of ascorbic acid during storage at 38°C and relative humidity 84.0%.
Source Title: Journal of Microencapsulation
ISSN: 02652048
DOI: 10.1080/02652040010000352
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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