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Title: Mesoporous TiO 2 photocatalytic films on stainless steel for water decontamination
Authors: Pan, J.H.
Lei, Z. 
Lee, W.I.
Xiong, Z.
Wang, Q. 
Zhao, X.S. 
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Citation: Pan, J.H., Lei, Z., Lee, W.I., Xiong, Z., Wang, Q., Zhao, X.S. (2012-01). Mesoporous TiO 2 photocatalytic films on stainless steel for water decontamination. Catalysis Science and Technology 2 (1) : 147-155. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Coating of mesoporous TiO 2 nanocrystalline films on stainless steel (Grade 304) was conducted using an evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) process in the presence of a Pluronic F127 triblock copolymer. The photocatalytic properties of mesoporous TiO 2 films were evaluated using orange II in aqueous solution under ultraviolet irradiation. Surface analysis shows that leaching of metals (e.g., Fe, Cr) from the stainless steel occurred during the EISA process. The leached metal species came to the interface between the titanium species and the copolymer, adversely influencing the self-assembly of the mesophase, leading to a poor mesoporous structure and a low photocatalytic activity in the resultant TiO 2 films. Pre-treatment of stainless steel by acid washing followed by coating a SiO 2-SnO 2 interlayer has been demonstrated to effectively avoid the acid leaching and thermal diffusion of metal species from stainless steel. The photocatalytic activities of the subsequently deposited mesoporous TiO 2 films were significantly improved, which can be attributed to the enhanced charge carrier separation and excellent optical reflection properties of the interlayer.
Source Title: Catalysis Science and Technology
ISSN: 20444753
DOI: 10.1039/c1cy00171j
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