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|Title:||Chaotic micromixers using two-layer crossing channels to exhibit fast mixing at low Reynolds numbers|
|Source:||Xia, H.M., Wan, S.Y.M., Shu, C., Chew, Y.T. (2005-07). Chaotic micromixers using two-layer crossing channels to exhibit fast mixing at low Reynolds numbers. Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology 5 (7) : 748-755. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1039/b502031j|
|Abstract:||We report two chaotic micromixers that exhibit fast mixing at low Reynolds numbers in this paper. Passive mixers usually use the channel geometry to stir the fluids, and many previously reported designs rely on inertial effects which are only available at moderate Re. In this paper, we propose two chaotic micromixers using two-layer crossing channels. Both numerical and experimental studies show that the mixers are very efficient for fluid manipulation at low Reynolds numbers, such as stretching and splitting, folding and recombination, through which chaotic advection can be generated and the mixing is significantly promoted. More importantly, the generation of chaotic advection does not rely on the fluid inertial forces, so the mixers work well at very low Re. The mixers are benchmarked against a three-dimensional serpentine mixer. Results show that the latter is inefficient at Re = 0.2, while the new design exhibits rapid mixing at Re = 0.2 and at Re of O(10-2). The new mixer design will benefit various microfluidic systems. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2005.|
|Source Title:||Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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