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Title: Bedside pleural procedures by pulmonologists and non-pulmonologists: A 3-year safety audit
Authors: See, K.C.
Ong, V.
Teoh, C.M.
Ooi, O.C.
Widjaja, L.S.
Mujumdar, S. 
Phua, J.
Khoo, K.L.
Lee, P.
Lim, T.K.
Keywords: checklist
patient safety
Issue Date: 2014
Source: See, K.C.,Ong, V.,Teoh, C.M.,Ooi, O.C.,Widjaja, L.S.,Mujumdar, S.,Phua, J.,Khoo, K.L.,Lee, P.,Lim, T.K. (2014). Bedside pleural procedures by pulmonologists and non-pulmonologists: A 3-year safety audit. Respirology 19 (3) : 396-402. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background and objective Pleural procedures such as tube thoracostomy and chest aspirations are commonly performed and carry potential risks of visceral organ injury, pneumothorax and bleeding. In this context limited information exists on the complication rates when non-pulmonologists perform ultrasound-guided bedside pleural procedures. Bedside pleural procedures in our university hospital were audited to compare complication rates between pulmonologists and non-pulmonologists. Methods A combined safety approach using standardized training, pleural safety checklists and ultrasound-guidance was initially implemented in a ∼1000-bed academic medical centre. A prospective audit, over approximately 3.5 years, of all bedside pleural procedures excluding procedures done in operating theatres and radiological suites was then performed. Results Overall, 529 procedures (295 by pulmonologists; 234 by non-pulmonologists) for 443 patients were assessed. There were 16 (3.0%) procedure-related complications, all in separate patients. These included five iatrogenic pneumothoraces, four dry taps, four malpositioned chest tubes, two significant chest wall bleeds and one iatrogenic hemothorax. There were no differences in complication rates between pulmonologists and non-pulmonologists. Presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) independently increased the risk of complications by nearly sevenfold. Conclusions Results from this study support pleural procedural practice by both pulmonologists and non-pulmonologists in an academic medical centre setting. This is possible with a standard training program, pleural safety checklists and relatively high utilization rates of ultrasound guidance for pleural effusions. Nonetheless, additional vigilance is needed when patients with COPD undergo pleural procedures. Little information exists on the safety of bedside pleural procedures done by non-pulmonologists. We conducted a 3-year audit of 529 procedures using ultrasound-guidance and safety checklists. Complication rates were low and did not differ significantly between pulmonologists and non-pulmonologists (2.7% vs 3.4%), supporting safe practice by both. © 2014 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.
Source Title: Respirology
ISSN: 14401843
DOI: 10.1111/resp.12244
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