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Title: Ballistic impact of a KEVLAR® helmet: Experiment and simulations
Authors: Tham, C.Y.
Tan, V.B.C. 
Lee, H.P. 
Keywords: Ballistic impact
Bullet/ projectile
Hydrocode simulations
KEVLAR® helmet
Issue Date: May-2008
Source: Tham, C.Y., Tan, V.B.C., Lee, H.P. (2008-05). Ballistic impact of a KEVLAR® helmet: Experiment and simulations. International Journal of Impact Engineering 35 (5) : 304-318. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper presents the results from experiments and AUTODYN-3D® simulations on the ballistic impact of a KEVLAR® helmet. In the experiment, spherical projectile (∼11.9 g), launched from a light gas gun, strikes the helmet with an impact velocity of 205 m/s. The interaction of the projectile with the KEVLAR® helmet is captured using high-speed photography. This helmet-projectile interaction is compared with that obtained from the AUTODYN-3D® simulation. Post-test damage photos from the experiments are also compared with those from the simulations. The response of the helmet from the simulations is consistent with those from the experiments. Also included in this paper are AUTODYN-3D® simulations on two ballistics test standards for KEVLAR® helmets. They are namely the NIJ-STD-0106.01 Type II and the V50 requirement of the US military specification for Personal Armor System Ground Troops (PASGT) Helmet, MIL-H-44099A. For the simulation on MIL-H-44099A, a fragment-simulating projectile (FSP) strikes the helmet with an impact velocity of 610 m/s. The simulation revealed that an impact velocity above 610 m/s is required to perforate the KEVLAR® helmet. For the simulation on NIJ-STD-0106.01 Type II helmet, the projectile is a 9 mm full-jacketed bullet with a striking velocity of 358 m/s. Results from the simulation show that the KEVLAR® helmet is able to defeat a 9 mm full-jacketed bullet traveling at 358 m/s. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Impact Engineering
ISSN: 0734743X
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2007.03.008
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