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Title: Treatability of organic fractions derived from secondary effluent by reverse osmosis membrane
Authors: Hu, J.Y. 
Ong, S.L. 
Shan, J.H. 
Kang, J.B.
Ng, W.J. 
Keywords: Dissolved organic carbon
Organics treatability
Reverse osmosis
Secondary effluent
Issue Date: Dec-2003
Source: Hu, J.Y., Ong, S.L., Shan, J.H., Kang, J.B., Ng, W.J. (2003-12). Treatability of organic fractions derived from secondary effluent by reverse osmosis membrane. Water Research 37 (19) : 4801-4809. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Dissolved organic matters (DOMs) from two batches of secondary effluent collected from a local water reclamation plant were fractionated using column chromatographic method with non-ionic resins XAD-8, AG MP-50 and IRA-96. Seven isolated fractions were obtained from the fractionation study and these fractions were quantified using DOC, UV254 and SUVA values. The fractionation study revealed that the secondary effluent samples comprised about 47.3-60.6% of hydrophobic and 39.4-52.7% of hydrophilic solutes. The treatability of each isolated fraction was investigated by subjecting each fraction to reverse osmosis (RO) treatment individually. It was noted that RO process could achieve high DOC rejections for acid and neutral fractions (ranging from 80% to 98% removal) probably due to the negative charge of RO membrane. The results obtained also indicated that hydrophobicity of DOMs is significant in determining treatability of organic species by RO process. The performance of RO in terms of DOC rejection of un-fractionated secondary effluent was also investigated to assess possible effects of interactions among organic fractions on their treatability by RO process. It was noted that DOC rejection associated with the un-fractionated secondary effluent was generally higher (ranging from 2% to 45%) than the corresponding rejection obtained from each individual fraction isolated from the secondary effluent. This finding suggested there is a beneficial interaction among the fractions that in turn has contributed towards a better overall DOC rejection performance by RO treatment. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Water Research
ISSN: 00431354
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2003.08.002
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