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Title: Elastic-plastic crack driving force for tubular K-joints with mismatched welds
Authors: Qian, X.
Dodds, R.H.
Choo, Y.S. 
Keywords: 3-D finite element analysis
Circular hollow section (CHS)
Mismatched welds
Weld toe crack
Issue Date: Jun-2007
Citation: Qian, X., Dodds, R.H., Choo, Y.S. (2007-06). Elastic-plastic crack driving force for tubular K-joints with mismatched welds. Engineering Structures 29 (6) : 865-879. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study examines the elastic-plastic driving force in shallow surface cracks located in welds near the crown point of the tension brace toe in a circular hollow section K-joint - with strength mismatch between the chord material and welds. The remote loading at the brace end imposes displacements acting along the brace axis. The 3-D finite element models couple a global, topologically continuous mesh and a separate, local crack-front model through mesh-tieing. The numerical solver computes the elastic-plastic crack driving force (J-value) locally along the crack front through a domain-integral approach. The numerical analyses employ stress-strain curves for representative high-strength steels now used in offshore construction. The yield strength of the welds varies as σy w = m σy c, where m denotes the mismatch ratio and σy c is the chord yield stress. The strain hardening property of the welds remains the same as that of the chord material. Unlike historical research on weld mismatch effects for simple, through-crack fracture specimens, the surface crack considered here in the tubular K-joint resides in the base metal (chord) adjacent to the weld toe of the hot-spot location rather than in the welds. The computed J-values demonstrate that the crack driving force increases with increased weld strength - thus a higher potential for initiation of ductile tearing. The numerical results show that a relatively larger elastic-plastic crack driving force exists for joints with a high brace to chord outer diameter ratio (β) or with a large brace to chord intersection angle (θ). For joints with m ≥ 0.8, the welds are sufficiently strong to mobilize significant plastic deformation in the adjacent chord material near the crack surface, and thus prevent large-scale yielding in the welds. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Engineering Structures
ISSN: 01410296
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2006.06.024
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