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Title: Chemical inhomogeneity and mixed-state ferromagnetism in diluted magnetic semiconductor Co:TiO2
Authors: Ogale, S.
Kundaliya, D.
Mehraeen, S.
Fu, L.-F.
Zhang, S.
Lussier, A.
Dvorak, J.
Browning, N.
Idzerda, Y.
Venkatesan, T. 
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2008
Citation: Ogale, S., Kundaliya, D., Mehraeen, S., Fu, L.-F., Zhang, S., Lussier, A., Dvorak, J., Browning, N., Idzerda, Y., Venkatesan, T. (2008-02-26). Chemical inhomogeneity and mixed-state ferromagnetism in diluted magnetic semiconductor Co:TiO2. Chemistry of Materials 20 (4) : 1344-1352. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS) are among the most intensely investigated materials in recent times in view of their great application potential. Yet, they are also the most controversial because of the possibility of extrinsic effects attributable to dopant solubility and clustering, point defects, incorporation of unintentional impurities, etc. This has highlighted the central role of materials chemistry in rendering a specific microstate and property response. In this work, we provide a combined window of high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy and electron energy-loss spectrometry, X-ray absorption (XAS)/X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and magnetization measurements on epitaxial rutile CoxTi 1-xO2 (x = 0-0.06) system (the first discovered oxide-DMS, which continues to be controversial) grown at low temperature (400°C) under different ambient atmospheres. The study brings out a mixed-state scenario of ferromagnetism involving intrinsic DMS (uniform dopant distribution at low dopant concentration) and coupled cluster magnetism, involving cobalt associations within the matrix at higher concentrations. We also show that by matrix valence control during growth, it is possible to realize a uniform embedded cluster state and the related coupled cluster magnetism. © 2008 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Chemistry of Materials
ISSN: 08974756
DOI: 10.1021/cm702089z
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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