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Title: Hydrogen sulfide interacts with nitric oxide in the heart: Possible involvement of nitroxyl
Authors: Yong, Q.-C.
Hu, L.-F.
Wang, S. 
Huang, D. 
Bian, J.-S.
Keywords: Cardiomyocyte
Hydrogen sulfide
Nitric oxide
Nitroxyl anion
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2010
Source: Yong, Q.-C., Hu, L.-F., Wang, S., Huang, D., Bian, J.-S. (2010-12-01). Hydrogen sulfide interacts with nitric oxide in the heart: Possible involvement of nitroxyl. Cardiovascular Research 88 (3) : 482-491. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: AimsThe present study aims to investigate the interaction between nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S), the two important gaseous mediators in rat hearts.Methods and resultsIntracellular calcium in isolated cardiomyocytes was measured with a spectrofluorometric method using Fura-2. Myocyte contractility was measured with a video edge system. NaHS (50 M, an H2S donor) had no significant effect on the resting calcium level, electrically induced (EI) calcium transients, and cell contractility in ventricular myocytes. Stimulating endogenous NO production with l-arginine or exogenous application of NO donors [sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and 2-(N,N-diethylamino)-diazenolate-2- oxide] decreased myocyte twitch amplitudes accompanied by slower velocities of both cell contraction and relaxation. Surprisingly, NaHS reversed the negative inotropic and lusitropic effects of the above three NO-increasing agents. In addition, the mixture of SNP + NaHS increased, whereas SNP alone decreased, the resting calcium level and the amplitudes of EI calcium transients. Angeli's salt, a nitroxyl anion (HNO) donor, mimicked the effect of SNP + NaHS on calcium handling and myocyte contractility. Three thiols, N-acetyl-cysteine, l-cysteine, and glutathione, abolished the effects of HNO and SNP + NaHS on myocyte contraction. Neither Rp-cAMP [a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor] nor Rp-cGMP [a protein kinase G (PKG) inhibitor] affected the effects of SNP + NaHS, suggesting a cAMP/PKA- or cGMP/PKG-independent mechanism.ConclusionH2S may interact with NO to form a thiol sensitive molecule (probably HNO) which produces positive inotropic and lusitropic effects. Our findings may shed light on the interaction of NO and H2S and provide new clues to treat cardiovascular diseases. © 2010 The Author.
Source Title: Cardiovascular Research
ISSN: 00086363
DOI: cvr/cvq248
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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