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Title: Mesh design in finite element analysis of post-buckled delamination in composite laminates
Authors: Tay, T.E. 
Shen, F. 
Lee, K.H. 
Scaglione, A.
Di Sciuva, M.
Keywords: Composite laminates
Finite element analysis
Mesh design
Post-buckled delamination
Issue Date: Dec-1999
Citation: Tay, T.E., Shen, F., Lee, K.H., Scaglione, A., Di Sciuva, M. (1999-12). Mesh design in finite element analysis of post-buckled delamination in composite laminates. Composite Structures 47 (1-4) : 603-611. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The role of mesh design in the post-buckling analysis of delamination in composite laminates is addressed in this paper. The determination of the strain energy release rate (SERR) along the crack front is central to the analysis. Frequently, theoretical analysis is limited to treatment of the problem in two dimensions, since considerable complexity is encountered in extending the analysis to three dimensions. However, many practical problems of embedded delamination in composite laminates are inherently three-dimensional in nature. Although in such cases, the finite element (FE) method can be employed, there are some issues that must be examined more closely to ensure physically realistic models. One of these issues is the effect of mesh design on the determination of the local SERR along the delamination front. There are few studies that deal with this aspect systematically. In this paper, the effect of mesh design in the calculation of SERR in two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) FE analyses of the post-buckling behavior of embedded delaminations is studied and some guidelines on mesh design are suggested. Two methods of calculation of the SERR are considered: The virtual crack closure technique (VCCT) and crack closure technique (CCT). The 2D analyses confirm that if the near-tip mesh is symmetric and consists of square elements, then the evaluation of the SERR is not sensitive to mesh refinement, and a reasonably coarse mesh is adequate. Despite agreement in the global post-buckling response of the delaminated part, the SERR calculated using different unsymmetrical near-tip meshes could be different. Therefore, unsymmetrical near-tip meshes should be avoided, as convergence of the SERR with mesh refinement could not be assured. While the results using VCCT and CCT for 2D analyses agree well with each other, these techniques yield different quantitative results when applied to 3D analyses. The reason may be due to the way in which the delamination growth is modeled. The CCT allows simultaneous delamination advance over finite circumferential lengths, but it is very difficult to implement and the results exhibit mesh dependency. Qualitatively, however, the two sets of results show similar distributions of Mode I and Mode II components of the SERR. This is fortunate, since the VCCT is relatively easy to implement. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Composite Structures
ISSN: 02638223
DOI: 10.1016/S0263-8223(00)00033-7
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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