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Title: Enhancement of energy efficiency of a chemical heat pump-assisted convective dryer
Authors: Ogura, H.
Ishida, H.
Kage, H.
Mujumdar, A.S. 
Keywords: Chemical heat pump dryer
Chemical heat storage
Energy recycle
Energy saving
Heat recovery
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Ogura, H., Ishida, H., Kage, H., Mujumdar, A.S. (2003). Enhancement of energy efficiency of a chemical heat pump-assisted convective dryer. Drying Technology 21 (2) : 279-292. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In earlier studies we have shown by simulation and experimental studies that the proposed chemical heat pump (CHP) unit can be used to recover waste heat from dryers and reuse it by storing and releasing heat with upgrading the temperature or by dehumidification. However, the final thermal energy production efficiency of the CHP for drying was found to be low. In this paper we present experimental results to demonstrate the potential for improved heat-recovery/storage and the heat-release/production of hot dry air for batch drying applications using the heat enhancement mode of the CHP. A new laboratory scale experimental CHP dryer system was built utilizing the calcium oxide/calcium hydroxide hydration/dehydration reversible reaction. The aim of this study is to improve the efficiencies of the heat recovery from heat source in the heat-storage step and the hot dry air production in the heat-release step of the CHP for heating up the air to around 100°C. The results of this experimental study utilizing a new reactor design showed that the shallow reactor/heat exchanger could accomplish 94% chemical heat storage and produce 100°C air at better than 75% efficiency for the reaction heat by controlling the preheating condition. The reaction conversion reached 90% in these experiments. The proposed CHP-assisted convective dryer system is found to be energy-efficient over a wide temperature range of industrial interest.
Source Title: Drying Technology
ISSN: 07373937
DOI: 10.1081/DRT-120017749
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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