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|Title:||Control of an integrated bake/chill system|
|Authors:||Loh, A.P. |
|Source:||Loh, A.P.,Huang, A.,Tan, W.W.,Lim, K.W.,Ho, W.K. (1999). Control of an integrated bake/chill system. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control 4 : 4198-4203. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||This paper considers the heater design and temperature control of a Silicon wafer in an integrated bake/chill system for a lithography process. The main problem involves baking the wafer to a pre-specified temperature and maintaining a uniform spatial distribution at this temperature on the entire wafer at steady state. Typically, in such a heat transfer problem, maintaining temperature uniformity is non-trivial because of non-uniform heat losses at the boundaries between the ambient and the wafer. As a result, nonlinear temperature gradients exist, leading to poor spatial distribution. In order to compensate for the nonlinear heat loss, many degrees of freedom have to be provided in the heating process. The degrees of non-uniformity is essentially a trade-off between the complexity of the heater design versus achievable temperature distribution. In this paper, this trade-off is considered in the design of a multi-zone heater. With a proportional plus integral controller for each zone of the heater, we show, via simulations, that the temperature on the surface of a 300 mm wafer can be maintained to within less than 0.1°C using 9 zones. We assume uniform heat flux from each zone of the heater and that heat loss coefficients are linearly related to temperatures.|
|Source Title:||Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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