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Title: Modified support vector machines in financial time series forecasting
Authors: Tay, F.E.H. 
Cao, L.J.
Keywords: Non-stationary financial time series
Regularized risk function
Structural risk minimization principle
Support vector machines
Issue Date: Oct-2002
Citation: Tay, F.E.H., Cao, L.J. (2002-10). Modified support vector machines in financial time series forecasting. Neurocomputing 48 : 847-861. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper proposes a modified version of support vector machines, called C-ascending support vector machine, to model non-stationary financial time series. The C-ascending support vector machines are obtained by a simple modification of the regularized risk function in support vector machines, whereby the recent ε-insensitive errors are penalized more heavily than the distant ε-insensitive errors. This procedure is based on the prior knowledge that in the non-stationary financial time series the dependency between input variables and output variable gradually changes over the time, specifically, the recent past data could provide more important information than the distant past data. In the experiment, C-ascending support vector machines are tested using three real futures collected from the Chicago Mercantile Market. It is shown that the C-ascending support vector machines with the actually ordered sample data consistently forecast better than the standard support vector machines, with the worst performance when the reversely ordered sample data are used. Furthermore, the C-ascending support vector machines use fewer support vectors than those of the standard support vector machines, resulting in a sparser representation of solution. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Neurocomputing
ISSN: 09252312
DOI: 10.1016/S0925-2312(01)00676-2
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