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Title: Drying-induced cracks in thin film fabricated from colloidal dispersions
Authors: Xu, P.
Mujumdar, A.S. 
Yu, B.
Keywords: Colloidal dispersion
Drying-induced crack
Ring-like deposit
Thin film
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: Xu, P., Mujumdar, A.S., Yu, B. (2009). Drying-induced cracks in thin film fabricated from colloidal dispersions. Drying Technology 27 (5) : 636-652. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: As a colloidal dispersion is coated and dried on a nonporous rigid substrate, the enormous stresses developing during the drying process can fracture the thin film. The drying-induced cracks can produce serous technological consequences and even destroy the efficacy of coatings, which is not desirable in most industrial cases. Therefore, as the first step of controlling cracks in thin film, understanding of crack properties and cracking mechanisms leading to fracture is of vital significance. Although numerous experiments and models have been proposed for cracking during drying of colloidal dispersions, there is little consensus on even the most basic mechanisms, and the effect of heat transfer on cracks as well as optimization of drying process are rarely taken into account. Additional, the broad employments of nanosuspensions bring both opportunities and challenges for this area. This review will give a comprehensive physical picture of thin film fabrication by drying of colloidal dispersions and cracking phenomenon, present current investigations for drying-induced cracks, and point out some prospects for cracking researches especially for industrial R & D, as well as propose combination of thin film preparation with drying technique for exploring crack-free thin film.
Source Title: Drying Technology
ISSN: 07373937
DOI: 10.1080/07373930902820804
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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