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Title: Preparation and characterization of poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid) (PLA-PEG-PLA) microspheres for controlled release of paclitaxel
Authors: Ruan, G.
Feng, S.-S. 
Keywords: Anticancer drugs
Biodegradable polymers
Drug delivery
Surface modification
Issue Date: Dec-2003
Citation: Ruan, G., Feng, S.-S. (2003-12). Preparation and characterization of poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid) (PLA-PEG-PLA) microspheres for controlled release of paclitaxel. Biomaterials 24 (27) : 5037-5044. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Microspheres of a new kind of copolymer, poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid) (PLA-PEG-PLA), are proposed in the present work for clinical administration of an antineoplastic drug paclitaxel with hypothesis that incorporation of a hydrophilic PEG segment within the hydrophobic PLA might facilitate the paclitaxel release. Paclitaxel-loaded PLA-PEG-PLA microspheres of various compositions were prepared by the solvent extraction/evaporation method. Characterization of the microspheres was then followed to examine the particle size and size distribution, the drug encapsulation efficiency, the colloidal stability, the surface chemistry, the surface and internal morphology, the drug physical state and its in vitro release behavior. The effects of polymer types, solvents and drug loading were investigated. It was found that in the microspheres the PEG segment was homogeneously distributed and caused porosity. Significantly faster release from PLA-PEG-PLA microspheres resulted in comparison with the PLGA counterpart. Incorporation of water-soluble solvent acetone in the organic solvent phase further increased the porosity of the PLA-PEG-PLA microspheres and facilitated the drug release. A total of 49.6% sustained release of paclitaxel within 1 month was achieved. Potentially, the presence of PEG on the surface of PLA-PEG-PLA microspheres could improve their biocompatibility. PLA-PEG-PLA microspheres could thus be promising for the clinical administration of highly hydrophobic antineoplastic drugs such as paclitaxel. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biomaterials
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/S0142-9612(03)00419-8
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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