Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/67122
Title: Interface of Unloaded Titanium Implants in the Iliac Crest, Fibula, and Scapula: A Histomorphometric and Biomechanical Study in the Pig
Authors: Rohner, D.
Tay, A.
Chung, S.M. 
Hutmacher, D.W. 
Keywords: Bone grafting
Bone-to-implant contact
Histomorphometric analysis
Removal torque values
Surface properties
Surgical flaps
Titanium implants
Issue Date: Jan-2004
Source: Rohner, D.,Tay, A.,Chung, S.M.,Hutmacher, D.W. (2004-01). Interface of Unloaded Titanium Implants in the Iliac Crest, Fibula, and Scapula: A Histomorphometric and Biomechanical Study in the Pig. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants 19 (1) : 52-58. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose: Prefabrication of free vascularized fibular flaps is a 2-stage procedure for the reconstruction of maxillary and mandibular defects. The delay between prefabrication and flap transfer is 6 weeks and depends on biomechanical stability and osseointegration of the implants. The purpose of this animal study was to evaluate implant stability by measuring the removal torque values (RTVs) at 3, 6, and 12 weeks and to compare the results with interface strength of the bone-implant surface in the fibula, the scapula, and the iliac crest under unloaded conditions. Materials and Methods: ITI implants (n = 108) with a sandblasted and acid-etched surface were placed in the fibula, the scapula, and the iliac crest of 6 Yorkshire pigs. Biomechanical, histologic, and histomorphometric results were collected at 3, 6, and 12 weeks, respectively. Results: Bicortical anchored 8-mm implants in the fibula (63.7 to 101.8 Ncm) showed RTVs similar to those of monocortical anchored 12-mm implants in the scapula (62.3 to 99.7 Ncm). The RTVs of monocortical anchored 8-mm and 10-mm implants in the iliac crest (19.1 to 44.3 Ncm) and the scapula (27.2 to 55.3 Ncm) were significantly lower. The bone-to-implant contact in the fibula at 3, 6, and 12 weeks (35.2%, 44.4%, and 46.8%, respectively) was similar to that in the iliac crest (24.2%, 44.2%, and 52.5%, respectively), but significantly lower than in the scapula (63.7%, 73.8%, and 74.2%, respectively). Discussion and Conclusion: Bicortical anchorage determined implant stability in the fibula, whereas interfacial strength seemed to define stability in the scapula. The quality and type of bone determined the bone's response in terms of biomechanical press fit or biologic interface strength.
Source Title: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/67122
ISSN: 08822786
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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