Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.30549
Title: Effects of Runx2 genetic engineering and in vitro maturation of tissue-engineered constructs on the repair of critical size bone defects
Authors: Byers, B.A.
Guldberg, R.E.
Hutmacher, D.W. 
García, A.J.
Keywords: Craniotomy defect
Mineralization
Osteoblast
Polycaprolactone
Runx2/Cbfa1
Tissue engineering
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2006
Source: Byers, B.A., Guldberg, R.E., Hutmacher, D.W., García, A.J. (2006-03-01). Effects of Runx2 genetic engineering and in vitro maturation of tissue-engineered constructs on the repair of critical size bone defects. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A 76 (3) : 646-655. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.30549
Abstract: Genetic and tissue engineering strategies are being pursued to address the clinical limitations of current bone grafting materials. Based on our previous work demonstrating that overexpression of the Runx2 osteoblastic transcription factor and in vitro construct maturation synergistically enhanced in vivo mineralization in an ectopic site (Byers et al., Tissue Eng 2004;10:1757-1766), we examined the effects of these two parameters on the repair of critical size bone defects. Primary rat bone marrow stromal cells transduced with Runx2 or control (no Runx2 insert) retroviral vector were seeded onto 3D fused deposition-modeled polycaprolactone scaffolds. Runx2-modified cells produced biologically-equivalent mineralized matrices at nearly 2-fold higher rates than control cells. Constructs cultured in vitro for 1 day (immature) or 21 days (mineralized) were subsequently implanted into critical size calvaria defects in syngeneic rats, and bone healing was analyzed by micro-CT and histomorphometry at 28 days. Runx2-modified and control constructs precultured for 1 day healed to a greater extent than defects receiving no implant. Cell-free scaffolds yielded equivalent levels of bone formation as constructs precultured for 1 day. Interestingly, defects treated with control cell-seeded constructs precultured for 21 days exhibited low bone formation compared to other construct treatments, and repair was comparable to empty defects. In contrast, Runx2-modified constructs precultured for 21 days contained twice as much bone as control constructs precultured for 21 days and equivalent levels of new bone as cell-free and 1 day precultured constructs. These results demonstrate interplay between Runx2 genetically-modified cells and in vitro construct maturation in bone healing responses. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/67020
ISSN: 00219304
DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.30549
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