Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000166
Title: Quantification of spatial temporal congestion in four-dimensional computer-aided design
Authors: Chua, D.K.H. 
Yeoh, K.W.
Song, Y.
Keywords: 4D CAD
Construction management
Site congestion
Spatial analysis
Temporal analysis
Workspace
Issue Date: 2010
Source: Chua, D.K.H.,Yeoh, K.W.,Song, Y. (2010). Quantification of spatial temporal congestion in four-dimensional computer-aided design. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 136 (6) : 641-649. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000166
Abstract: This paper further develops the models proposed by prior research in the field of workspace conflict using four-dimensional computer-aided design. The approach developed here analyzes spatial demand and supply from the perspective of construction operators, and a modeling methodology based on spatiotemporal utilization is proposed. The utilization factor model is developed to show that the criticality of the operator's spatiotemporal demand leads to worksite congestion and that congestion is a form of worksite conflict. The interference of other space entities increases the space demand, and this increment is quantified with a "dynamic space interference" index This indicator is developed to identify activity spaces which suffer congestion. A decision making tool, the "congestion penalty indicator," is developed which obtains a schedule-level value for analysis, evaluation, and comparison. Finally, a case study on the refurbishment of an oil refinery column is used to demonstrate the application of the above concepts in successfully identifying a better schedule with respect to on-site congestion. © 2010 ASCE.
Source Title: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/66041
ISSN: 07339364
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000166
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