Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000272
Title: Effects of the source on wave propagation in pile integrity testing
Authors: Chai, H.-Y.
Phoon, K.-K. 
Zhang, D.-J.
Keywords: Dispersion
Longitudinal mode
Low-strain integrity testing of piles
Pulse echo method
Rayleigh waves
Issue Date: 13-Aug-2010
Citation: Chai, H.-Y., Phoon, K.-K., Zhang, D.-J. (2010-08-13). Effects of the source on wave propagation in pile integrity testing. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 136 (9) : 1200-1208. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000272
Abstract: One-dimensional stress wave theory is widely used to analyze quantitatively the reflections in low-strain integrity testing of piles. However, a point or disk loading produces body and Rayleigh waves near the pile top. The multireflections of these waves from the lateral surface of a pile are present in the wave field near the pile top. Effects of three-dimensional waves on the near field responses are obvious. These effects can be interpreted erroneously by an inexperienced user as "noises" or "pile anomalies." To investigate wave propagation in the longitudinal direction, the behavior of the waves in the far field (some distance below the pile top) is studied by theoretical analysis of the longitudinal modes in free cylinders and numerical simulations. The wave pattern at the pile top is analyzed based on the response of an elastic half-space to a harmonic disk loading. The results show that when the ratio of the characteristic length of an impact pulse to the cylinder radius is large enough, the components of Rayleigh waves in the wave field at the pile top are diminished; the waves in the far field behave approximately as plane waves; the responses at positions between 1/2R and 3/4R from the pile axis are less affected by the multireflections. The results from numerical simulations support the practical recommendation to use a ratio of characteristic wavelength to pile radius larger than four. Under this condition, the reflections from the far field (say deeper than two pile diameters) can be analyzed from the responses at receiver positions about 0.6R from the pile axis based on one-dimensional stress wave theory. © 2010 ASCE.
Source Title: Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/65512
ISSN: 10900241
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000272
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