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Title: Simulation of gentamicin delivery for the local treatment of osteomyelitis
Authors: Lee, C.G.
Fu, Y.-C.
Wang, C.-H. 
Keywords: Computer simulation
Drug delivery
Issue Date: 5-Sep-2005
Citation: Lee, C.G., Fu, Y.-C., Wang, C.-H. (2005-09-05). Simulation of gentamicin delivery for the local treatment of osteomyelitis. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 91 (5) : 622-635. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In order to understand the effect of antibiotics delivery to bone tissue, by biodegradable polymeric drug disc, for the treatment of osteomyelitis, a three-dimensional simulation model is developed. The simulation investigates the effect of pressure-induced convection on drug distribution, by taking into account the pressure gradient that exists between capillaries and interstitial space, and also as a result of the surgical opening. The clotting process at the surgical opening is incorporated into the simulation, and the effect of clotting duration is investigated. The clotting duration for the baseline simulation is 2 days and it is observed that increasing this duration depresses the mean drug concentration in the marrow and cortical bone. The effect of double burst release profile is also studied and it is observed that drug concentration drops too rapidly after the first burst to provide any therapeutic effect. However, it is shown that the drug concentration after the second burst stays above the minimum inhibitory concentration of the bacteria for a longer period of time, than would have been observed for a mono-burst release. Inserting non-biodegradable polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) beads into bone seems to cause a higher average concentration of drug in the marrow. However, this could be brought about by the difference in the geometry between the disc and the bead, and the amount of drug packed in each bead. Further simulations on the management of dead space shows the ineffectiveness of having the void filled up with surgical gel as it becomes an additional barrier to drug delivery to the infected tissues. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
ISSN: 00063592
DOI: 10.1002/bit.20538
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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