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|Title:||Access time minimization for distributed multimedia applications|
|Authors:||Veeravalli, B. |
|Source:||Veeravalli, B.,Barlas, G. (2000-11). Access time minimization for distributed multimedia applications. Multimedia Tools and Applications 12 (2) : 235-256. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||The problem of minimizing the access time of a requested multimedia (MM) document on a network based environment is addressed. A generalized version of this problem is formulated and retrieval strategies that minimize the access time of the user-requested MM document from a pool of MM servers are proposed. To this end, we design single-installment and multi-installment MM document retrieval strategies, through which the minimization of access time can be carried out. The main idea is to utilize more than one MM server in downloading the requested document. Each server assumes the responsibility of uploading a predetermined portion of the entire document in a particular order. Single- and multi-installment strategies differ in the number of disjoint document pieces each server sends to the client. We first introduce a directed flow graph (DFG) model to represent the retrieval process and generate a set of recursive equations using this DFG. Then, we derive closed-form solutions for the portions of the MM document downloaded from the various servers and the corresponding access time. We present rigorous analysis for these two strategies and show their performance under MPEG-I and MPEG-II video streams playback rates. Their behavior under different network bandwidth is also examined, revealing in-depth information about their expected performance. We also show that in the case of a multi-installment strategy, the access time can be completely controlled by fine tuning the number of installments. Since the number of installments is software tunable, the adaptive nature of the strategies to different channel bandwidths is also demonstrated. Important trade-off studies with respect to the number of servers involved in the retrieval process and the number of installments are presented. In the case of a heterogeneous network employing a single-installment strategy, we prove that the access time is independent of the server sequence used. Illustrative examples are provided for ease of understanding.|
|Source Title:||Multimedia Tools and Applications|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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